Understanding the Difference Between Git and GitHub: Tools and Platforms for Collaborative Development

The difference between Git and GitHub is a common question as both are closely related but serve different functions within the domain of software development and version control:


  • Definition: Git is a distributed version control system created by Linus Torvalds in 2005. It is software that allows multiple developers to work on the same codebase simultaneously, managing and tracking changes to the code over time.
  • Functionality: Git enables you to keep a complete history of your code changes on your local machine. This history includes version tracking, branching, merging, and reverting back to previous states of a project.
  • Usage: It is used for local operations such as committing files, creating branches, and merging branches in a local development environment.
  • Installation: Git is a tool that needs to be installed locally on your computer.


  • Definition: GitHub is a web-based hosting service for Git repositories. It provides a central place where developers can upload their Git repositories and collaborate with others.
  • Functionality: GitHub extends Git’s capabilities with additional features like a web interface for viewing and editing code, pull requests, issue tracking, project wikis, and more.
  • Usage: It is used for collaborative features such as bug tracking, feature requests, task management, and pull requests for code review and collaboration.
  • Installation: GitHub does not require installation; it is accessed through a web browser, though you can integrate it with your local Git environment.

Key Differences

  • Scope: Git is a tool, whereas GitHub is a service that uses Git.
  • Platform: Git is a command-line tool, GitHub is a cloud-based platform.
  • Accessibility: Changes in Git are stored locally, whereas GitHub stores changes remotely and makes collaboration easier among multiple users.
  • Function: Git manages versions of your project through local repositories, while GitHub provides a centralized location for sharing and collaborating on those repositories.

In summary, Git and GitHub complement each other; Git provides the version control functionality locally on your machine, and GitHub offers a place to store those repositories online, making it easier to collaborate with other developers.

Hello, I’m Anuj. I make and teach software.

My website is free of advertisements, affiliate links, tracking or analytics, sponsored posts, and paywalls.
Follow me on LinkedIn, X (twitter) to get timely updates when I post new articles.
My students are the reason this website exists, crafted with the affection and dedication they’ve shown. ❤️

Feedback Display